30 August 2013
Bergen is a city and municipality in Hordaland on the west coast of Norway. As of 20 August 2013, the municipality had a population of 270,000 and Greater Bergen had a population of 396,900, making Bergen the second-largest city in Norway. The municipality covers an area of 465 square kilometres and is located on the peninsula of Bergenshalvøyen. The city centre and northern neighbourhoods are located on Byfjorden and the city is surrounded by mountains. For this reason, Bergen is known as the city of seven mountains. Many of the extra-municipal suburbs are located on islands. Bergen is the administrative centre of Hordaland and consists of eight boroughs—Arna, Årstad, Åsane, Bergenhus, Fana, Fyllingsdalen, Laksevåg and Ytrebygda.Trading in Bergen may have started as early as the 1020s, but the city was not incorporated until approximately 1070. It served as Norway’s capital in the 13th century, and from the end of the 13th century became a bureau city of the Hanseatic League. Until 1789, Bergen enjoyed exclusive rights to mediate trade between Northern Norway and abroad. The remains of the quays, Bryggen, is a World Heritage Site. The city was hit by numerous fires. The Norwegian School of Economics was founded in 1936 and the University of Bergen in 1946. From 1831 to 1972, Bergen was its own county. In 1972 the municipality absorbed four surrounding municipalities, and at the same time became a part of Hordaland county.The city is an international centre for aquaculture, shipping, offshore petroleum industry and subsea technology, and a national centre for higher education, tourism and finance. The city’s main football team is SK Brann and the city holds the unique tradition in buekorps. Natives speak the distinct Bergensk dialect. The city features Bergen Airport, Flesland, the Bergen Light Rail and is the terminus of the Bergen Line; Bergen Port is Norway’s busiest. Four large bridges connect Bergen to its suburban municipalities.
22 May 2013
The Juvet Landscape Hotel is located at Valldal, near the town of Åndalsnes in north-western Norway. Passing tourists are attracted by a spectacular waterfall in a deep gorge near the road, ”Gudbrandsjuvet”. The client, Knut Slinning, is a local resident. The idea emerged as an opportunity to exploit breathtaking scenery with minimal intervention, allowing locations which would otherwise be prohibited for reasons of conservation.Instead of the conventional hotel, with guest rooms stacked together in one large building, the Landscape Hotel distributes the rooms throughout the terrain as small individual houses. Every house has one or two walls that are entirely built in glass, thus the experienced space in each room is maximized. Through careful orientation every room gets its own exclusive view of a beautiful and unique piece of the landscape, always changing with the season, the weather, and the time of day. No room looks out at another so the rooms are experienced as private even though curtains are not used.
At the moment there are 7 rooms completed, but with the possibility to add 21 more rooms according to the master plan. All the rooms have slightly differing designs, as a result of local topographical needs and vegetation, and to maximize the requirements for privacy and the best possible views. No rooms necessitate blasting of rock or changing the terrain, as the rooms are added to the existing topography.
The rooms are built in a massive wood construction with no exterior insulation, and are intended for summer use only. Each building rests on a set of 40mm massive steel rods drilled into the rock, existing topography and vegetation left almost untouched. The glass is set against slim frames of wood, locked with standard steel profiles, using stepped edges to extend the exterior layer of the main glass surfaces all the way to the corners.
12 November 2012
Hardanger Bridge is a bridge under construction which will cross the Hardangerfjord in southwestern Norway. It will replace today’s ferry connection between Brurvik and Brimnes and will be a part of the shortest road connection between Oslo and Bergen.The bridge will be about 1,380 metres (4,530 ft) long, with a main span of 1,310 metres (4,300 ft). It will be a suspension bridge, one of the longest spans in the world (no 7 in today’s list, no 9 when completed, and no 1 in Norway). Sailingsheight is 55 metres (180 ft) and towers reach 186 metres (610 ft).The bridge will have two lanes and a width of 7.5 metres (25 ft) for the roadway, and a bike/walkpath. The traffic on the bridge is only estimated for 1850 vehicles per day in 2020 since it’s located in a very sparsely populated area. Opening is scheduled for 2013.
Currently a ferry runs over the fjord every 20 – 60 minutes depending on the season, the ferry takes 10 minutes. The project will cost 1800 million kroner (around € 200 million) and over half of this will be paid by toll on the ferry and after completion on the bridge.The small difference between length and span is because the fjord quickly becomes very deep, and the towers must stand on shore. Also there are steep mountain walls. On both sides the road will enter tunnels directly from the bridge. The maximum water depth near the bridge is about 500 metres (1,600 ft), and the mountains surrounding the fjord are about 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) high.The engineering part of the project will be done by Statens Vegvesen, Veidirektoratet. The cable bands, tower saddles and splay saddles have been manufactured in the UK by Goodwin Steel Castings Ltd.
11 November 2012
The Geiranger Fjord is a fjord in the Sunnmøre region of Møre og Romsdal county in Norway. It is in the municipality of Stranda. It is a 15-kilometre (9.3 mi) long branch of the Storfjord (Great Fjord). The small village of Geiranger is located at the end of the fjord where the Geirangelva river empties into it.
The fjord is one of Norway’s most visited tourist sites and has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, jointly with Nærøyfjord, since 2005, although this status is now threatened by the disputed plans to build power lines across the fjord.A car ferry, which doubles as a sightseeing trip, is operated by Fjord1 Nordvestlandske. It runs lengthwise along the fjord between the small towns of Geiranger and Hellesylt.
Along the fjord’s sides there lie a number of now abandoned farms. Some restoration has been made by the Storfjordens venner association. The most commonly visited among these are Skageflå, Knivsflå, and Blomberg. Skageflå may also be reached on foot from Geiranger, while the others require a boat excursion. The fjord is also host to several impressive waterfalls.The two most notable waterfalls in the Geirangerfjord are the Seven Sisters and the Suitor (also called The Friar). Both falls face one another across the fjord, and the Suitor is said to be trying to woo the sisters opposite.The Bridal Veil is another waterfall in the fjord, so named because it falls delicately over one rocky edge, and when seen backlit by the sun it has the appearance of a thin veil over the rocks.