19 septembrie 2014
Poznań is a city on the Warta river in west-central Poland, the region called Wielkopolska (Greater Poland). The city population is about 550,000, while the continuous conurbation with Poznan County and several other communities (Oborniki, Skoki, Szamotuły and Śrem) is inhabited by almost 1.1 million people. The Larger Poznań Metropolitan Area (PMA) is inhabited by 1.3-1.4 million people and extends to such satellite towns as Nowy Tomyśl, Gniezno and Wrzesnia,making it the fourth largest metropolitan area in Poland.Poznań is among the oldest cities in Poland and was one of the most important centers in the early Polish state in the tenth and eleventh centuries. The first center city was Ostrów Tumski, the natural island on the Warta river-very similar to the Île de la Cité in Paris. The first rulers were buried in Poznań’s cathedral on the island. It also served as the capital for a short time in the 13th century, hence the official name: The capital city of Poznan.
15 iulie 2014
The secluded village of Zalipie in southeastern Poland is home to a charming tradition. Over a century ago the women of the village began to paint their houses: however, it was not the single, uniform color one might expect from a traditional and conservative society. The village, through the intricate and vibrant paintwork of its womenfolk, bloomed.
Although no one is completely sure how and when this tradition began, it dates from when the smoke from stoves escaped through little more than a hole in the ceiling of the house. Women would paint over the spots of soot with whitewash. Yet the spots would still be partially visible and it is believed that the women, in order for their house to appear immaculate for religious festivals, took to covering the remnants of soot stains with paintings of flowers.
Source : Kuriositas.
2 iulie 2014
Opole is a city in southern Poland on the Oder River (Odra). Opole’s history begins in the 8th century. It this time, according to the archeological excavations,the first Slavic settlement was founded on the Ostrówek – the northern part of the Pasieka island in the middle of the Odra river. In the early 10th century it developed into one of the main gróds of the Slavic Opolanie. At the end of the century Silesia became part of Poland and was ruled by the Piast dynasty; the land of the pagan Opolanie was conquered by Duke Mieszko I in 992. From the 11th-12th centuries it was also a castellany. After the death of Duke Władysław II the Exile, Silesia was divided in 1163 between two Piast lines- the Wrocławska line in Lower Silesia and the Opolsko-Raciborska of Upper Silesia. Opole would became a duchy in 1172 and would share much in common with the Duchy of Racibórz, with which it was often combined. In 1281 Upper Silesia was divided further between the heirs of the dukes. The Duchy of Opole was temporarily reestablished in 1290.
30 mai 2014
Książ is a castle in Lower Silesia, Poland in Wałbrzych. It was built in 1288-1292 under Bolko I the Strict. It lies within a protected area called Książ Landscape Park and is one of the city’s main tourist attractions.The original fortification was destroyed in the year 1263 by Ottokar II of Bohemia. Bolko I, Duke of Świdnica and Jawor built a new castle between 1288 and 1292. Duke Bolko II of Świdnica died in 1368 without having children with his wife Agnes von Habsburg. After her death in the year 1392 King Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia obtained the castle. In 1401 Janko from Chociemice obtained the castle. The Bohemian Hussites occupied the castle between 1428-1429. In the year 1464 Birka from Nasiedla obtained the castle from the Bohemian crown. He sold it to Hans von Schellendorf. This second castle was destroyed in 1482 by Georg von Stein. In the year 1509 Konrad I von Hoberg (from 1714: Hochberg) obtained the castle hill. The Hochberg family owned the castle until 1940’s. The castle was seized by the Nazi government in 1944 because the Prince of Pless, Hans Heinrich XVII, had moved to England in 1932 and became a British citizen and his brother Count Alexander of Hochberg, owner of Schloss Pleß, today Pszczyna Castle, and a Polish citizen, had joined the Polish army. Fürstenstein castle was a part of the Project Riese until 1945 when it was occupied by the Red army. All artifacts were stolen or destroyed.
Photo by Aisog.
9 aprilie 2014
Toruń is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula River.Toruń is one of the oldest cities in Poland. The medieval old town of Toruń is the birthplace of the astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus.
In 1997 the medieval part of the city was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 2007 the Old Town in Toruń was added to the list of Seven Wonders of Poland. National Geographic Polska rated the old town market and the Gothic town hall as one of the “30 Most Beautiful Places in the World.” In 2010 Forbes magazine ranked Toruń as number one of the “Polish Cities Attractive for Business”.
Previously it was the capital of the Toruń Voivodeship (1975–98) and the Pomeranian Voivodeship (1921–45). Since 1999, Toruń has been a seat of the self-government of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship and, as such, is one of its two capitals (together with Bydgoszcz). The cities and neighboring counties form the Bydgoszcz-Toruń twin city metropolitan area.
22 februarie 2014
Sobański Palace is a Renaissance Revival palace in Guzów, Żyrardów County, Mazovian Voivodeship, Poland.The Polish nobleman Andrzej Ogiński (father of composer Michał Kleofas Ogiński) originally built a brick manor on the Guzów site. During the second half of the nineteenth century, on the order of Feliks Sobański, architect Władysław Hirszel rebuilt the manor house into a grand palace, modelling it on French Loire Valley castles. A landscaped garden designed by Walerian Kronenberg and Franciszek Szanior was built next to the house.During the First World War the palace was used as a front line hospital, and was virtually destroyed, along with its garden. During the interwar period, it was rebuilt, but after the Second World War the palace was looted for its decorations and furnishings. Later, the palace was used as accommodation for a local sugar factory’s employees. In 1992, the Sobański family regained possession of the palace complex.
After many years of dereliction, the house is in a poor condition, and the garden is overgrown with thickets. The old palace chapel (now the Church of St Felix de Valois), along with a section of the garden, is the only part of the property that has been restored.
20 ianuarie 2014
Kraków is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland. Situated on the Vistula River in the Lesser Poland region, the city dates back to the 7th century. Kraków has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, cultural, and artistic life and is one of Poland’s most important economic hubs. It was the capital of Poland from 1038 to 1569; the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1569 to 1596; Free City of Kraków from 1815 to 1846; the Grand Duchy of Cracow from 1846 to 1918; and Kraków Voivodeship from the 14th century to 1999. It is now the capital of the Lesser Poland Voivodeship.
7 noiembrie 2013
The Crooked Forest ,is a grove of oddly-shaped pine trees located outside Nowe Czarnowo, West Pomerania, Poland.This grove of approximately 400 pines was planted around 1930, when its location was still within the German province of Pomerania. It is generally believed that some form of human tool or technique was used to make the trees grow this way, but the method and motive are not currently known.
Some believe that the woods was deliberately grown this way to make “Compass Timbers”, or trees that are deliberately shaped for the purpose of using those odd shapes in ship building. Long straight timbers were great for planking, but sometimes odd shapes were needed for the internal structure and support of a ship.
15 septembrie 2013
Although currently living in the United States, crochet artist Olek recently returned to her native country of Poland for an epic project. Over the course of two straight (and rainy) days, Olek and her team of four assistants ‘yarn bombed’ an entire locomotive with two freight cars in tow. Olek had already crocheted many of the panels beforehand but they still had to be assembled to cover the train.
The team worked through the night to pull off the massive undertaking, debuting the crocheted train on July 13th. It will be on display in Lodz, Poland, until August 19th. The project was done in collaboration with the city and was authorized. She calls the piece ‘Deadly Romance’.
1 mai 2013
The salt deposit in Wieliczka formed in the Miocene Epoch, 13.6 million years ago. The Miocene period abounded in substantial transformations in the geological structure of the Earth’s crust. As a result of colliding tectonic plates new mountain ranges were formed, among them – the Carpathians. In the rift located in their foreground, known as the pre-Carpathian basin, a huge sea was formed. It constituted a northern branch of the Tethys Ocean named so in the modern days to honour a character from the Greek mythology – Thetys, a wife to Titan Okeanos. Various types of rock sedimented in the reservoir, rock salt layers formed as well.
Salt deposits formed in many parts of this huge reservoir. Deposit formation processes were connected with cyclical changes of the water level and shoreline as well as submarine landslides and flows occurring in parallel. The reservoir also received varied amounts of terrigenous material – claystone, silt, and sand. The salts precipitating in the shallower shelf areas of the basin partly dissolved and eroded. Drifting to the open sea, they crystallised again.
The Wieliczka deposit formed over the period of approximately twenty thousand years. It owes its final shape to the orogeny which resulted in accumulation of salt deposits causing a several-fold increase in their original thickness. This action had also this effect that they were elevated to the surface thanks to which, millions years later, exploitation of the deposits could be started easily.
Presently, the Wieliczka rock salt deposit stretches latitudinally over the area of almost 10 kilometres. Its width extends from several hundred metres to 1.5 km and it is located at the depth reaching from approximately 30 m to approximately 330 metres below the surface of land.
Photos by Adam Kumiszcza,teachandlearn on Flickr and steve_w on Flickr.