Located in Ceahlău Massif (Eastern Carpathians) in the point called Duruitoarea (1270 meters altitude), the Duruitoarea Waterfall is formed on the Rupturii Rivulet that comes from the alpine valley and flows into the Schitului Valley and then in the Bicaz Lake. This impressive waterfall has height of 25 to 30 meters on every drop of water. At the waterfall base is built a wooden staircase that one can climb about 30m up on a platform that fragment the waterfall in two different columns of cascading water, accompanied by a strong noise.One can reach the waterfall on the alpine trail from Durău Resort (840 m altitude) to the Dochia alpine chalet. The trail has a length of 7.5 km, and its difficulty is medium
Moieciu is a commune in Braşov County, Romania. It is located 29 km south of Braşov, within the Bran Pass.The commune is composed of six villages: Cheia, Drumul Carului, Măgura, Moieciu de Jos (the commune center), Moieciu de Sus and Peştera. Măgura and Peştera are on the eastern side of the Piatra Craiului Mountains.The last years brought to Moieciu a lot of tourists eager to spend their free time in an environment with fresh air and tranquility at an altitude of 1100 meters. The landscape surrounding the area are wonderful and in the winter tourists from all over come to spend their holidays here. The entire area is full of history and legends. At only 6 miles you can visit the one of the most famous castles in the world Bran Castle the residence of Dracula. This castle was built in the 14th century, but nevertheless this amazing construction retains even today the authenticity of those days and attracts millions of tourists each year.The resort can offer tourists a lot of sights like „La Chisatoarea” one of the most beautiful waterfalls, two spectacular caves; „Valea Cetatii” and „Dambovicioarei”, The Medieval Border Bran, The Mausoleum from Mateias and not least the Sub-Carpathians landscapes.For the winter sports lovers there are opportunities for skiing in Moeciu, for example „Cheile Gradistei” ski slope has a length 470 meters and equipped with a ski lift and night lighting system. Moieciu can offer all the conditions for you to enjoy a perfect vacation.
Buşteni is a small mountain town in the north of the county Prahova, in the center of Romania. It is located in the Prahova Valley, at the bottom of the Bucegi mountains, that have a maximum altitude of 2505 m. Its name literally means tree-logs in Romanian. One village, Poiana Ţapului, is administratively part of the town, formerly a separate commune prior to 1950. According to the 2011 census, it has 8,553 inhabitants.Buşteni’s average altitude is 900 m. It is one of the most popular mountain resorts, offering spectacular views, with lots of year-round tourism opportunities, ranging from skiing to mountain climbing.
The town and the surrounding mountains were the site of military confrontations in 1916, during World War I (see Romania during World War I). A large commemorative monument (about 25 m high), Heroes’ Cross (Crucea Eroilor) lies atop nearby Caraiman Peak, at nearly 2,260 m. The monument is lighted at night and is visible from virtually everywhere in Buşteni.The main local industries are wood industry and tourism. Many holiday houses have been recently built in the town.
Photo by Sorin Mutu.
The Berca Mud Volcanoes are a geological and botanical reservation located in the Berca commune in the Buzău County in Romania. Its most spectacular feature is the mud volcanoes, small volcano-shaped structures typically a few metres high caused by the eruption of mud and natural gases.As the gases erupt from 3000 metres deep towards the surface, through the underground layers of clay and water, they push up underground salty water and mud, so that they overflow through the mouths of the volcanoes, while the gas emerges as bubbles. The mud dries off at the surface, creating a relatively solid conical structure resembling a real volcano. The mud expelled by them is cold, as it comes from inside the Earth’s continental crust layers, and not from the mantle.
The reservation is unique in Romania. Elsewhere in Europe, similar phenomena can be observed in Italy (northern Apennines and Sicily), Ukraine (in the Kerch Peninsula), Russia (in the Taman Peninsula) as well as Azerbaijan.The mud volcanoes create a strange lunar landscape, due to the absence of vegetation around the cones. Vegetation is scarce because the soil is very salty, an environmental condition in which few plants can survive. However, this kind of environment is good for some rare species of plants, such as Nitraria schoberi and Obione verrucifera.
Photos by Lerescu Iulian.
Romania has so many hidden wonderful places that are little known – even to Romanians. Bigar waterfall located in the Caras-Severin County, which ranks first in a recent chart of unique waterfalls. This hidden place, somewhere on the road between the village of Oravita and the village of Bozovici, in the Anina mountains on the national road number 57 B, lies exactly on 45th parallel.
The Bigar waterfall is called “the miracle from the Minis gorge” by the locals. The Bigar falls come from the Minis River and flow over an 8-meter wall of moss. The other name of the Bigar waterfall is Coronini, after the 19th century Banat region governor Johann Baptist Coronini-Cronberg. Many other attractions await the passionate traveler in the Bigar-Coronini waterfall area. The Minis gap is one of the most amazing locations in the Banat Mountains, as so are the pools in the Minis Valley, the Buhui Lake and the Buhui cave.
Nera is a key formatted along the Nera river in Caras-Severin, Romanian Sasca between localities and New Sopot. Distance keys on that stretch of about 22 km of which about 20 km from the keys themselves. The area is arranged tour. Nera River passes through a gorge with the key issue, narrow, spectacular and absolutely wild, creating the longest gorge in Romania. Here, where the wall rises up to 200 meters, Nera and its tributaries water dug and formed in limestone bedrock lakes, canyons, caves and impressive waterfalls. A marked tourist trail crosses them, but they require crossing directly across the river Nera in the water.Nera Gorge National Park – Beusnita Anina Mountains occupy the area south of the Falls and Gorge Nereinordica Locvei Mountains, covering an area of 36,364.8 ha, which includes six reserves and a proposed declared.Banat climate subtype is characterized by circulation of air masses through the Atlantic and Mediterranean air masses invasion, which confers moderate amounts of the thermal and high rainfall.Anina Mountains average temperature is 8 degrees Celsius. It highlights the dominance of the winds primarily in the western sector. The average rainfall is 930 mm.
The Retezat Mountains are one of the highest massifs in Romania, being part of the Southern Carpathians. The highest peak is Peleaga (Vârful Peleaga), at an altitude of 2509 metres. Other important peaks are Păpuşa (Varful Păpuşa) and Retezat Peak (Vârful Retezat). The name means „cut off” in Romanian.The Retezat Mountains have many glacial lakes, including the largest glacial lake in Romania, Bucura Lake (Lacul Bucura), which covers 8.9 ha and is situated at an altitude of 2030 metres. The area also contains the Retezat National Park, Romania’s first national park.The tectonic, lithologic and morphologic conditions present in the Retezat mountains, corelated with the orientation of the ridges towards the main air masses make this mountain group the most humid area in the Romanian Carpathians. The hydrologic network is divided into two main directions: north, towards the river Strei (the Mureş drainage basin) where all the rivers from the west, north and north-east areas of the massif are flowing and south, towards the Jiul de Vest River (the Jiu drainage basin). The most important river course is Lăpuşnicul Mare with an annual average flow of 12.9 m3/s. Waterfalls are present on all water courses in the park.
One of the specific features of the Retezat mountains is the wide spread presence of glacier lakes. Approximately 38% of the glacier lakes of Romania are found here, on the bottom of calderas, grouped in lake clusters or isolated, and are one of the biggest tourist attraction of the park. Within the masiff limits, there are 58 permanent glacier lakes, between 1700m and 2300m. Some sources mention over 80 lakes, but here are most likely included the temporary ones as well.
Galați is the capital city of Galați County, in the historical region of Moldavia, eastern Romania. Galati is the largest port town on the Danube River. In 2011, the Romanian census recorded 249,432 residents, making it the 8th most populous city in Romania. Galați is a major economic centre based around the Port of Galați, naval shipyard, the ArcelorMittal Galaţi steel plant and mineral exports.The name „Galați” is derived from the Cuman word galat. This word is borrowed from the Arabic word قَلْعَةٌ , „fortress”. Other etymologies have been suggested, such as the Serbian galac. However, the galat root appears in nearby toponyms, some of which show clearly a Cuman origin, for example Gălățui Lake, which has the typical Cuman -ui suffix for „water”. Another toponym in the region is Galicia, with its town of Halych, locally associated with the jackdaw (Kawka, Halka). Other similar place names are Galich, Russia and Galatia in Turkey. Gaul might be a derivation from Galatia, thus suggesting a Celtic origin. A similar pattern occurs with the Celtic-sounding word, Ligures, referring to „Caladaa” *=(a city of the Ligurian or Genoan territories). Although possible, a Celtic origin is, nevertheless, unlikely. Galați translates to Greek: Γκαλάτσι (Galatsi); German: Galatz; Hungarian: Galac; Polish: Gałacz; Turkish: Kalas; Bulgarian: Галац (Galats); Ukrainian: Галац (Galats) and Russian: Галац (Galats).Archeological evidence points to occupation of the region in the neolithic period. For example, north west of the town of Galați, on the eastern shores of the Malina marshes, fragments of ceramic-type Stoicani Aldeni, stilex and tools made of bone have been found. A stone sceptre, from the late Bronze Age, belonging to the Coslogeni culture was found on the marshes’ southern bank. Galați town itself developed from an ancient Dacian settlement of the sixth and fifth centuries BCE where there was a ford across the Danube river. In 101 to 102 and 105 to 106, the Dacians fought wars against the Romans and the area became part of the Roman empire. From the 300s a Daco-Roman settlement developed at a ford south of the site of the Church of the Virgin.There is evidence of continuous inhabitation of Galați since the 600s. A treasure hoard consisting of 12 silver coins issued between 613 and 685 was found in a Byzantine tomb near the Church of the Virgin. Western and Byzantine coins from the time of Emperor Michael IV (1034–1041) were also found. At one time, the city became part of the Republic of Genoa Territories and was called „Caladda”. In 1445, a document signed by Stephen II of Moldavia mentions Galați. In 1484, Chilia was conquered by Ottomans. Galați township remained Moldova’s only port, not only for domestic trade but also for trade with Turkey and Poland. In 1590, the Galati Jewish cemetery was opened.
Alba Iulia is a city located on the Mureş River in Alba County, Transylvania, Romania, with a population of 58,681 as of 2011. Since the High Middle Ages, the city has been the seat of Transylvania’s Roman Catholic diocese. Between 1541 and 1690 it was the capital of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and the latter Principality of Transylvania. Alba Iulia is historically important for Hungarians, Romanians and Transylvanian Saxons.During the Roman period the settlement was called Apulum. The second part of the city’s name, „Iulia”, refers to „Julius” (in Hungarian Gyula)—the deputy leader of Transylvania. Its Hungarian name Gyulafehérvár means „white castle of the Gyula” or „white city of Julius” and it is a translation of the Slavic „Belgrade” („white castle”). The old Romanian name of the town was Bălgrad, and also originated from Slavic.
In 955, the city was called Gyula dux Civitatem Albam in Ereel. Later in the Middle Ages, different names occurred as Frank episcopus Belleggradienesis in 1071, Albae Civitatis in 1134, Belegrada in 1153, Albensis Ultrasilvanus in 1177, eccl. Micahelis in 1199, Albe Transilvane in 1200, Albe Transsilvane in 1201, castrum Albens in 1206, canonicis Albensibus in 1213, Albensis eccl. Transsylvane in 1219, B. Michaelis arch. Transsilv. in 1231, Alba… Civitas in 1242, Alba sedes eptus in 1245, Alba Jula in 1291, Feyrvar in 1572, Feyérvár in 1574, Weissenburg in 1576, Belugrad in 1579, Gyula Feyervár in 1619, Gyula Fehérvár in 1690, and Karlsburg in 1715. Another German name, Weyssenburg, was used. In Yiddish and Hebrew Karlsburg was prevalent; in Ladino sources Carlosburg. Alba Carolina was also a medieval Latin form of its name.